A dental implant is a titanium post that takes the place of the natural root of the tooth positioned into the jawbone beneath the gums. This fixture is gently implanted into the bone by using local anaesthesia. The implants integrate with the natural bone more securely than a natural root would. Since implants fuse to your jawbone, it provides a strong foundation for fixed or removable replacement teeth that are made to match your natural teeth.
Titanium which is recognized for its biological compatibility with the human body enables the patient with healthy oral life with a beautiful smile. It offers an important benefit of eating and speaking as dentures mounted over implants do not slip or shift in patient’s mouth.
There can be few inhibitions or variable precautions in the following situations that need to be followed for the success rate of the Implants
1 Inadequate jawbone, width or density
2 People consuming bisphosphonates
3 People with the habit of grinding teeth
4 Patient suffering from diabetics
5 Chain Smokers
If any of the factors are applicable on the patients, then there are some preliminary changes that dentists would recommend before proceeding for the dental implant procedure.
There are some of the extreme cases which raise the vulnerability of complications related to dental implants:
Failing to Osseointegrate With The Jawbone
Failure of osseo-integration may be resulted due to insufficient jawbone density or volume, overloading on a recently placed implant, or inappropriate placement of the implant.
This step is quite important and if it somehow fails then the implant will not be strong enough to hold the occlusal forces where the dentist will need to begin the entire process of dental implant procedure all over again.
Infection in The Surgical Area
Infection in the surgical site is one of the common reason for dental implant failure, may be caused due to poor oral hygiene after dental implant.
Smokers or diabetic patients have a higher risk of infection, where there is usually a sensation of inflammation on the bone or gum tissue which may sometime can be treated with the removal of the implant.
Swelling in The Implant Site
When the patient’s body rejects any foreign object implanted into the jawbone, this may cause some allergic reactions. In dental implant, the patient may be allergic to titanium which is more likely be accompanied by inflammation around the implant site.
Damage to Surrounding Tissue
Perhaps this one happens in a rarest case which is more likely to occur due to poor placement of foreign object by an inexperienced dentist. This may happen when the implant is placed too close to the nerve or sometimes may cause damage to the surrounding tissues, the patient may experience numbness in gums, cheep, or tongue.
Treatment and Maintenance
Although treatment and maintenance where the patients must be aware about his or her responsibilities. A significant risk is involved where additional measures are needed to be taken in order to mitigate the risk and must be informed to the patients in advance.
Success Rate Of Dental Implant
Dental implant gives benefit over aesthetics, improved speech, comfort, easier eating, improved oral health, durability and convenience. But it all depends upon the jaw where the implant is going to be placed. But, in general, dental implants have a success rate of 98 % if properly taken care.